Alghero is situated on the north-western coast of Sardinia within the
homonymous gulf. A large part of its territory stretches on
the Nurra plain; at the western point of it, rises
the karst-formation of “Capo Caccia, Punta Giglio” and “Monte Doglia”.
On its southern point, lays the vast tableland of Villanova
Monteleone made up of volcanic hills. From the hills of Villanova
Monteleone, passing through the fertile plain, flow down several rivers
which, since distant ages, have made possible human settlings in that area. The
town of Alghero is surrounded by plentiful olive grove and vineyards whose
products once, made up the basic local economy of
Alghero has a sub-tropical warm climate with long dry summers
and mild damp winters. Prevalent winds come from western quarters: trade winds
mitigate summer heat. From fall to spring libeccio and
western winds bring rain, while mistral wind may blow strongly any
time of the year. Between december and february, for
few weeks, eastern winds bring clear climate, nights are cold and
days are sunny. This period of time is called “secche di
gennaio” and it’s considered as a prelude of summer in
the middle of the winter.
Once vegetation consisted of
evergreen woods made up of holm and oak trees. Nowadays it
consists of mediterranean shrubland. Pine woods stretch on the coast
line while the alguerese plan, because of constant man
presence, shows a partly modified landscape.
most representative part of the area is the coast between Fertilia and
Porto Ferro in the north-west of Alghero. The internal side of
the gulf has beautiful sandy shores; among the nicest ones we recall
“Maria Pia” beach and “S. Giovanni” beach with its white sand shores along
which has been growing the bathing resort of the town.
REGIONAL AND NATURAL PARK OF PORTO
towards west, beyond “Le Bombarde” and “Lazzaretto” beaches, the coast
line becomes higher and higher changing into cliffs. You first meet with the promontory
of Punta Giglio which delimitates estwards the bay of Porto Conte
(once called Nimphs’ Port) considered the widest natural bay of the mediterranean
sea. Within the bay after the beach of Mugoni, the coastline slowly
rises till Punta Semaforo and Capo Caccia where the coast falls perpendicularly
at a high of 204 m and 326 m. respectively above the sea level.
Inside this jurassic and cretaceous limestone promontory you can admire several caves with its
beautiful rooms and chalk-stones.
The coastline between Alghero and Bosa
is very different from the north western coast of the
town. For those who love nature and wild landscapes, it offers a
wild and enchanting view. The central tablelands descend over the sea level forming high volcanic
cliffs, among them nidifie a colony of griffon vultures as well
as different species of birds of prey whose
cries break the silence of this pure nature. You can enjoy the
peaceful nature in the beautiful sandy and rocky inlets (reachable only by sea)
washed by the emerald green sea. The best period of time to enjoy
such a beautiful natural sight is spring when the mediterranean shrubland bursts with
its colours and heady scents.
It is worth while seeing the beach of “la
Speranza”, situated between Alghero and Villanova Monteleone .